The fungus Neonectria discophora SNB-CN63 has been isolated from the nest of the termite Nasutitermes corniger found in French Guiana. From the ethyl acetate extract of fungal culture, bioassay guided fractionation led to the isolation of fourteen ilicicolinic acids and ilicicolinal derivatives. Their structures were elucidated by analyses of 1D and 2D NMR and MS spectroscopic data. All metabolites were tested against several microbial pathogens and six displayed antimicrobial activities with MIC <16 μg/mL on T. rubrum, Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Based on their structural similarities, a common biosynthetic pathway is proposed for all isolated metabolites.